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what is drone survey






Upendra Kumar.







What-is-drone-survey
Drone Survey

                                                             



Drone Survey has the basis of aerial Photographic Surveying. It is most suitable for a small scale mapping.
What is drone:- Drone is an aircraft, has without a pilot on board.
Drone survey consists of four parts.
1.  Flying
2. Photography
3.Ground control
4. Mapping
The equipment required for drone survey.
A. A UAV or Drone
B. An aerial camera
D.  For plottin g.



1. Flying:- An UAV or Drone fly over the proposed survey area&the flying height depends on the following factors.
I. The scale of the map or plan.
Ii. The contour interval in the map
iii. The type of country
iv. The characteristics of the camera.
v. The type of equipment.
vi The type of drone or UAV.
What-is-drone-survey
Camera 
                                                                       
2. Photography: A camera is set into the UAV to catch the photographs. In order to obtain stereo pairs photographs of every part of the ground to be surveyed must be photographed at least twice. 
what-is-drone-survey
Camera, projection


Drone flies in strips and takes a photograph with a 6o% fore and after overlap to secure the 50% minimum needed for the stereoscopic view. 



Each strip overlaps the adjacent strip by at least 30%. To make sure that no part of the ground is left unrecorded.


3. Ground control:-To produce an accurate map from drone survey, it is absolutely necessary to locate the position of the numbers of points with its hight. The triangulation, traversing, levelling is the process of locating point. Total station and DGPS has also used these survey.


What-is-drone-survey
Ground control point and drone player survey 

4. Mapping- Before data processing for map preparation require the following damage.
  I. UAV photos
 ii. Flight log
 iii. GCP coordinates
 iv GCP location
 v Specification.
 The above result proceeds as a point cloud. From point cloud the different types of file make.



Use of drone survey

1. Town and country planning
2. Planning of road and railway.
                                              3.Volumes of stockpiles of materials of queries excavation. 
 4.Forestry and geology
5. Flood control
6. Reconnaissance.7.Reservoirs 
   8. Land drainage and soil erosion.
                                               9. Survey for assessing damage due to earthquakes, crop diseases.

See also    https://www.technoupendra.com/2020/01/the-use-of-3d-laser-scaning-technology.html                           

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